The European Union (EU) and the United Nations (UN) are embarking on a new, global, multi-year initiative focused on eliminating all forms of violence against women and girls (VAWG) – the Spotlight Initiative. The Initiative is so named as it brings focused attention to this issue, moving it into the spotlight and placing it at the centre of efforts to achieve gender equality and women’s empowerment, in line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The name reminds us that violence often takes place in the dark, is denied or rendered invisible and that it cannot survive in the light. It also highlights the importance of targeted investments in women and girls to achieve sustainable development, making this renewed and unwavering commitment of the EU and the UN visible.
The Spotlight Initiative will deploy targeted, large-scale investments aimed at achieving significant improvements in the lives of women and girls. It will provide a unique opportunity to build an evidence base demonstrating that a significant, concerted and comprehensive investment in gender equality can make a transformative difference in the lives of women and girls (Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 5 and 16 in particular) as well as contribute to the achievement of all SDGs. The Initiative will respond to all forms of VAWG, with a focus on domestic and family violence, sexual and gender-based violence and harmful practices, femicide, trafficking in human beings and sexual and economic (labour) exploitation. In line with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Initiative will fully integrate the principle of ‘leaving no one behind’.
Despite the past and on-going efforts made by the Government of Mozambique and its partners, sexual and gender-based violence and harmful practices remain pervasive and continue to be a threat to the realization of women and girls’ rights in the Country.
According to the 2011 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS 2011) in Mozambique more than one in three women (37.2%) have experienced physical or sexual violence at some point in their lifetime with rates higher (42.8%) among young women aged 20-24. Furthermore, 6.9% of women have suffered sexual violence in the last 12 months with rates higher in urban (7.9%) than in rural areas (6.4%) and among young women (17.5%). Mozambique has also the 10th highest early marriage rate in the world with almost half (48%) of women aged 20-24 who were married before age 18 (55.7% rural areas and 36.1% urban). Girls and women experience severe sexual and reproductive health consequences, including early and unwanted pregnancies with slightly more than 46% of adolescent girls aged between 15 and 19 years either pregnant or already with a child (IMASIDA, 2015). The adverse intergenerational effects of violence against women and girls (VAW/G) extend to children and society as a whole, place a heavy drag on the development of the country and inhibit its ability to realize the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and its Goals.
In response to this complex challenge, over the past decade the Government of Mozambique approved an ambitious legislative framework and started the implementation of policies and strategies to eliminate violence against women and girls, including:
Chapter on crimes against people, including domestic violence in the Penal Code (2015)
Multi Sectoral Mechanism for Integrated Assistance to Women Victims of Violence (2012)
The Government is currently working on the finalization of the budgeted National Plan of Action to Prevent and Combat Violence against Women while the Civil Society strengthened its women’s network and in 2015 established the Coalition for the Elimination of Early Marriage (CECAP).
The Country Programme Outline (CPO) has defined the programmatic framework of the Spotlight Initiative’s investment in Mozambique in order to contribute to a Country where every woman and girl is free from all forms SGBV and harmful practices, and thus able to realize her sexual and reproductive health and rights.
Empowering women to participate fully in economic life is essential to building stronger economies and improving the quality of life for both women, men and society as whole. The private sector has a central and active role to play in achieving gender equality and women’s empowerment under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Development is about how the society choose to do business and how we reflect principles of equality into everyday lives; allowing these principles of equality to translate into and reflect in our cultures, values, performance and business practices.
Accelerating SGBV Response in the Mozambican Private Sector is an enabling action and accelerator to the gender-responsive and gender-transformative impact of the Spotlight Initiative investments in Outcomes 3 and 4. The focus in this activity is to fill a key gap in prevention and response to SGBV and HP by expanding engagement with the private sector to make the workplace a safe public space and to create the foundation for access to essential services that can be facilitated through employer/workplace protocols.
The assignment builds on previous UN Women engagement with the private sector on ending violence against women (EVAW) and women’s economic empowerment (WEE). The private sector is a key actor in seeking solutions for GEWE related challenges including access to markets and outreach of prevention and response efforts.
Specifically, pre-launch interventions aims to engage professional services to analyze the existing environment in the private sector to engage on SGBV, HP, early marriage prevention and response including by adopting specific packages (low-cost/low-interest) that can support the livelihood opportunities of adolescent and young women at risk and victims of violence. This package of activities lays the foundation for that longer term work including establishing a baseline for the engagement of the sector on SGBV, HP, early marriage and SRHR via an assessment of the status, potential and willingness of private sector to contribute to end SGBV, HP and SRHR in the targeted provinces and nationally as well as the develop of an engagement and monitoring strategy comprising targeted communications to raise awareness and seeking the elimination of all forms of harassment in the workplace. A meeting with private sector actors will validate the assessment and engagement strategy and will be followed by specific outreach on the adoption of voluntary commitments and the design of specific financial packages for victims of violence. All proposed activities will be linked with existing programming on Safe Public Spaces, Women’s Empowerment Principles, HIV/AIDS and SRHR within and outside the private sector.
This set of complementary interventions is aligned with the SLI prefunding objective 3 “Build momentum for implementation and transformative results by narrow critical information gaps, expanding public awareness of SGBV and their role in its elimination and engaging with critical sectors such as the private sector to ensure a comprehensive response to SGBV in public spaces;” the Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development as it seeks to “Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls – SDG#5” and “Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development – SDG#17”. This intervention is also aligned with UN Women Strategic Plan 2018 – 2021 which commits to “…enhance multi-stakeholder partnerships” by supporting “innovative platforms that strengthen the collaboration with Governments as well as with civil society and the private sector” (Paragraph 7).
In this context, UN Women, as part of the Spotlight Initiative, is seeking to hire a National Consultant to assist in Assessing the private sector engagement in preventing and responding to violence against women and girls. The National Consultant will work under the overall coordination of the UN Women Country Representative and direct supervision by the Women’s Economic Empowerment Portfolio Programme Officer.
The goal of this assignment is to conduct a mapping of the ecosystem of private sector in Mozambique and assess their internal and external contribution to prevent and respond to sexual and gender-based violence (SGBV). The study will also provide a platform for presenting ongoing, successful business initiatives that aim to advance women’s empowerment, economic inclusion of survivors of sexual and gender-based violence in Mozambique.
Guiding normative frameworks and references: include Mozambican Social Corporate Responsibility Provisions; Constitution of the Republic of Mozambique (CRM); the United Nations Global Compact´s multi-year strategy to drive business awareness and action in support of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals by 20130; Women´s Empowerment Principles (WEPs); UN Women Flagship Programming Initiatives; UN Women Africa Strategy (2018 – 2021); CEDAW (article 14); Beijing Platform for Action; SDGs; CSW56; UNFCCC & UNCCD gender provisions, UN Women Guidelines for Gender-Responsive Procurement.
Actions for the integration in the banking supply chain refer to the potential for banks and other sectors to undertake gender-responsive procurement and thus create sustainable markets for the services of enterprises led by SGBV survivors.
Corporate Competences and Ethics
The evaluator will have the final judgment on the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the evaluation report, and the evaluator must be protected from pressures to change information in the report. If the evaluator identifies issues of wrongdoing, fraud or other unethical conduct, UN Women procedures must be followed, and confidentiality be maintained. The UN Women Legal Framework for Addressing Non-Compliance with UN Standards of Conduct defines misconduct and the mechanisms within UN Women for reporting and investigating it.
Post-Graduate degree (Masters) in business administration, social corporate responsibility, development studies, Gender studies, development economics, sociology and related fields;
Demonstrated ability and experience to plan, undertake and write quality research report (including collecting and analysing data within a given timeframe).
Fluency in Portuguese and English both spoken and written.
In July 2010, the United Nations General Assembly created UN Women, the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women. The creation of UN Women came about as part of the UN reform agenda, bringing together resources and mandates for greater impact. It merges and builds on the important work of four previously distinct parts of the UN system (DAW, OSAGI, INSTRAW and UNIFEM), which focused exclusively on gender equality and women’s empowerment